THE FOUR PILLARS

Έτος : 1779
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The monk Kosmas Aitolos was active during the 1760s and 1770s, mainly in Macedonia, Epirus and southern Albania. He was urging the congregations to remain committed to the Christian religion and to rely strongly on education, which he saw as the basis for the religious and moral revival and salvation of the Greeks. With that in mind, he established dozens of Greek schools. His sermons often had patriotic content, with references to the liberation of the Greek nation.  This action was considered to promote nationalist ideas and to ignite the notion of a Christian revolution against the Pasha. At the same time, his speeches against injustice were perceived as a provocation for the overturn of the social regime. During the Orlov revolt, the Turks suspected that Kosmas Aitolos served the interests of the Russians. When his enemies slandered him to the authorities, he was convicted and executed in present-day Albania in August of 1779.

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LEADERSHIP OF STATE

LEADERS OF GOVERNMENT
PRESIDENTS OF THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC
KINGS

Alexandros Mavrokordatos

1822 - 1823 , 1833 - 1834 , 1841 , 1844 , 1854 - 1855

Georgios Kountouriotis

1823 - 1826 , 1848

Petrobey Mavromichalis

1823

Andreas Zaimis

1826 - 1827

Georgios Mavromichalis

1827 - 1828

Ioannis Kapodistrias

1827 - 1831

Augustinos Kapodistrias

1831 - 1832

Spyridon Trikoupis

1833

Ioannis Kolettis

1834 - 1835 , 1844 - 1847

Josef Ludwig von Armansperg

1835 - 1837

Ignaz von Rudhart

1837

Otto of Greece

1832 - 1862

Andreas Metaxas

1843 - 1844

Konstantinos Kanaris

1844 , 1848 - 1849 , 1864 , 1864 - 1865 , 1867 , 1877

Kitsos Tzavelas

1847 - 1848

Antonios Kriezis

1849 - 1854

Dimitrios Voulgaris

1855 - 1857 , 1862 - 1863 , 1863 - 1864 , 1865 , 1866 , 1868 - 1869 , 1871 - 1872 , 1874 - 1875

Athanasios Miaoulis

1857 - 1862

Ioannis (Gennaios) Kolokotronis

1862

Aristeidis Moraitinis

1863 , 1867 - 1868

Zinovios Valvis

1863 , 1864

Diomidis Kyriakos

1863

George I of Greece

1863 - 1913

Benizelos Roufos

1863 , 1865 - 1866

Alexandros Koumoundouros

1865 , 1866 - 1867 , 1870 - 1871 , 1875 - 1877 , 1878 - 1882

Epameinondas Deligeorgis

1865 , 1870 , 1872 - 1874 , 1876 , 1877

Thrasyvoulos Zaimis

1869 - 1870 , 1871

Charilaos Trikoupis

1875 , 1878 , 1880 , 1882 - 1885 , 1892 - 1893 , 1893 - 1895

Theodoros Diligiannis

1885 - 1886 , 1890 - 1892 , 1895 - 1897 , 1902 - 1903 , 1904 - 1905

Dimitrios Valvis

1886 - 1886

Konstantinos Konstantopoulos

1892

Sotirios Sotiropoulos

1893

Nikolaos Diligiannis

1895

Dimitrios Rallis

1897 , 1903 , 1905 , 1909 , 1920 - 1921

Alexandros Zaimis

1897 - 1899 , 1901 - 1902 , 1915 , 1916 , 1917 , 1926 - 1928

Georgios Theotokis

1903 , 1899 - 1901 , 1903 - 1904 , 1905 - 1909

Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis

1909 - 1910

Stefanos Dragoumis

1910

Eleftherios Venizelos

1910 - 1915 , 1915 , 1916 - 1917 , 1917 - 1920 , 1924 , 1932 , 1933

Constantine I of Greece

1913 - 1917 , 1920 - 1922

Dimitrios Gounaris

1915 , 1921 - 1922

Stefanos Skouloudis

1915 - 1916

Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos

1916 , 1921

Spyridon Lampros

1916 - 1917

Alexander of Greece

1917 - 1920

Petros Protopapadakis

1922

Nikolaos Stratos

1922

Nikolaos Triantafyllakos

1922

Anastasios Charalambis

1922

Sotirios Krokidas

1922

George II of Greece

1922 - 1924 , 1935 - 1947

Stylianos Gonatas

1922 - 1924

Alexandros Papanastasiou

1924 , 1932

Georgios Kafantaris

1924

Pavlos Kountouriotis

1924 - 1926 , 1926 - 1929

Themistoklis Sofoulis

1924 , 1945 - 1946 , 1947 - 1949

Andreas Michalakopoulos

1924 - 1925

Theodoros D. Pangalos - Dictator

1925 - 1926 , 1926

Athanasios Eftaxias

1926

Georgios Kondylis

1926 , 1935

Panagis Tsaldaris

1932 - 1935

Alexandros Othonaios

1933

Konstantinos Demertzis

1935 - 1936

Ioannis Metaxas - Dictator

1936 - 1941

Alexandros Koryzis

1941

Georgios Tsolakoglou - Appointed by the occupying forces

1941 - 1942

Emmanouil Tsouderos

1941 , 1941 - 1944

Konstantinos Logothetopoulos - Appointed by the occupying forces

1942 - 1943

Ioannis Rallis - Appointed by the occupying forces

1943 - 1944

Alexandros Svolos

1944

Sofoklis Venizelos

1944 , 1950 , 1950 - 1951

Georgios Papandreou

1944 , 1944 - 1945 , 1963 , 1964 - 1965

Nikolaos Plastiras

1945 , 1950 , 1951 - 1952

Petros Voulgaris

1945

Damaskinos of Athens

1945

Panagiotis Poulitsas

1946

Konstantinos Tsaldaris

1946 - 1947

Dimitrios Maximos

1947

Paul I of Greece

1947 - 1964

Alexandros Diomidis

1949 - 1950

Ioannis Theotokis

1950

Alexandros Papagos

1952 - 1955

Dimitrios Kiousopoulos

1952

Konstantinos G. Karamanlis

1955 - 1958 , 1958 - 1961 , 1961 - 1963 , 1974 - 1980

Konstantinos Georgakopoulos

1958

Konstantinos Dovas

1961

Panagiotis Pipinelis

1963

Stylianos Mavromichalis

1963

Ioannis Paraskevopoulos

1963 - 1964 , 1966 - 1967

Constantine II of Greece

1964 - 1973

Georgios Athanasiadis‑Novas

1965 - 1965

Ilias Tsirimokos

1965

Stefanos Stefanopoulos

1965 - 1966

Panagiotis Kanellopoulos

1945 , 1967

Konstantinos Kollias - After the military coup d’ etat

1967

Georgios Papadopoulos - Head of the military coup d’ etat

1967 - 1973

Spyridon Markezinis - In a dictatorial government

1973

Adamantios Androutsopoulos - In a dictatorial government

1973 - 1974

Phaedon Gizikis - Appointed by the military dictatorship

1973 - 1974

Michail Stasinopoulos

1974 - 1975

Konstantinos Tsatsos

1975 - 1980

Georgios Rallis

1980 - 1981

Andreas Papandreou

1981 - 1989 , 1993 - 1996

Konstantinos G. Karamanlis

1980 - 1985 , 1990 - 1995

Ioannis Alevras

1985

Christos Sartzetakis

1985 - 1990

Tzannis Tzannetakis

1989

Ioannis Grivas

1989

Xenofon Zolotas

1989 - 1990

Konstantinos Mitsotakis

1990 - 1993

Konstantinos Stephanopoulos

1995 - 2005

Konstantinos Simitis

1996 - 2004

Konstantinos A. Karamanlis

2004 - 2009

Karolos Papoulias

2005 - 2015

Giorgos A. Papandreou

2009 - 2011

Loukas Papadimos

2011 - 2012

Panagiotis Pikramenos

2012

Antonis Samaras

2012 - 2015

Vassiliki Thanou

2015

Alexis Tsipras

2015 - 2019

Prokopis Pavlopoulos

2015 - 2020

Kyriakos Mitsotakis

2019 - present day

Aikaterini Sakellaropoulou

2020-today

IMAGES OF GREECE



Konstantinos Partenis

Landscape

1917

 

Yiannoulis Chalepas

Athena, shepherdess
 
Vision in clay  
 

Periklis Pantazis

Areios Pagos (Hill of Ares)

1880

 

Yannis Tsarouchis

Café Parthenon

Oil on Canvas ,1955

Private collection

Nikos Engonopoulos

The spirit of loneliness

Oil on canvas, 1939

Private collection

Spiros Vassiliou

A blue day

Oil and collage on canvas, 1977

Art Collection of the Basil and Elise Goulandris Foundation

Photography : Christophoros Doulgeris

Yiannis Moralis

Pregnant woman

1948

 

 

Christos Kapralos

Monument of the battle of Pindos

Detail

Hellenic Parliament

 

 

Nikolaos Lytras 

Saint Markos of Tinos

1923

Private collection 

Michalis Oikonomou

The Dreaming House

Oil in Cardboard

 

SPOTLIGHT

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