Our “national poet” (1798-1857) wrote the Hymn to Freedom in May 1823 in Zakynthos (Zante) while hearing the Turkish cannons firing at the siege of Messolonghi. As the forefather of modern Greek poetry, he laid the foundation for modern Greek lyricism. He leaned on traditional Greek literature, Erotokritos, and folk songs (demotic), and created a new language for Greek poetry.
The surviving manuscripts of the poet include many fragmented pieces, and three drafts of “Eleftheroi Poliorkimenoi” (Free Besieged) and are examples of his romantic anguish for perfectionism in expression. Solomos, greatly influenced by German Idealism, is regarded as a significant figure of European romanticism.