Amalia Flaming was arrested under the pretext that she planned to aid AlekosPanagoulis’ escape from prison. She was a woman who managed to combine science with political and social action. During the German occupation she was a member of the Resistance and with a scholarship from the British Council she worked at the legendary Wright Fleming Institute. She was married to scientist Alexander Fleming and became director of the Evangelismos Hospital in Athens. She entered the Greek Parliament as a member of PASOK in 1977. She fought for human rights, women’s emancipation and world peace.